Signs of Over-Training for Sports Athletes

Hard workouts equals a lean body; this equation is one most athletes depend on. But does one always equal the other?

Unfortunately the answer is no. In fact, chronic over-training can signal the storage of fat. It not only can be telling your body to store fat, but it can also be storing the fat at your waist-line.

Physical training is a form of stress that is applied onto the body. During stress, your body releases a hormone called cortisol (a glucocorticoid from the adrenal gland). Cortisol’s primary function is to release glucose (insulin) into the blood at times of acute stress. So, the more stress you place on your body, the more cortisol is released.

Chronic stress (overtraining) results in an excess of cortisol, which will cause higher baseline cortisol levels. This excess keeps the body with high insulin levels, which blocks fat metabolism, and sends fat into storage at the waist. Excess cortisol also breaks down muscle tissue, and suppresses immune defenses, which is the opposite effect the athlete is looking for (getting fat, weak and sick is not really ideal).

Cortisol levels rise with exercise but should decrease to a normal range with adequate recovery. Often, the problem is that today’s high school and college athletes aren’t getting the proper recovery time. It could mean they have a program that isn’t allowing them the proper amount of recovery and restoration periods. But assuming the coach is doing his/her job, there are other factors that can influence athlete stress levels.

Stress from school work, a job, relationships, lack of sleep, and inadequate nutrition can add to the stress of intense training that the athlete goes through each day. If you are training hard and cannot seem to get rid of that little extra fat around your tummy, the chances that your cortisol levels are elevated are extremely high.

Signs of over-training for sports athletes.

Here are some signs of over-training:

– insomnia

– decrease in appetite

– decrease in performance

– loss of coordination

– prolonged recovery

– amenorrhea

– increase in muscle soreness

– loss of body weight

– elevated heart rate

– chronic fatigue

– decreased motivation

– decreases immune system (increase in infections, colds, etc…)

Look for these signs with your athletes as over-training severely affects performance. When you suspect that your athlete or athletes might be suffering from over-training, back off of their training immediately and work on their recovery. If you continue to train during this state, injury and low performance level will strike your athletes.

Caribbean Sports & Athletes!

Road to London 2012!

Dominica

Did you know- In the 1995 Pan American Games in Mar del Plata (Argentina), Dominica’s runner Steven Agar finished tenth in the 5,000-meter event.

Dominican Republic

Did you know- Despite having won the X Baseball World Cup in Managua (Nicaragua) in 1948, the National team lost the chance to win a gold medal in the Central American and Caribbean Games in Guatemala City. Unfortunately the anticipated showdown between Cuba and the Dominican Republic did not occur. Why? The Dominican government refused to participate in the international games in the early 1950s.

Grenada

Did you know- Alleyne Francique of Grenada came in fourth place in the men’s 400m at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece. His performance made him “the Island’s best known athlete”. Since the Island gained its independence from the United Kingdom in the 1970s, the Olympic team has not won an Olympic medal.

Jamaica

Did you know- The Commonwealth Games were held in Kingston (Jamaica’s capital) in August 1966. Previously, the IX Central American and Caribbean Games took place in the Island in 1962.

Netherlands Antilles

Did you know- By 2008, the Island’s athlete Churandy Martina –one of the most high-profile sprinters in the Western Hemisphere between 2006 and 2009– was named by the National Olympic Committee as the flag bearer of the national delegation for the 29th Summer Olympics in the People’s Republic of China.

Puerto Rico

Did you know- In 1960, Puerto Rico’s athlete Rolando Cruz finished fourth in the men’s pole vault at the Summer Games in Rome, Italy. From 1959 to 1966, he had won three golds in the central American and Caribbean Games.

Saint Kitts & Nevis

Did you know- Surprisingly, the Island’s sprinter Kim Collins captured the gold medal in the men’s 100m at the IAFF World Championships in the early 2000s. Although his performance in the Games of the 28th Olympiad in August 2004 disappointed many of his fans: Collins placed sixth in the 100 meters.

Saint Lucia

Did you know- A six-member team from Saint Lucia –a former British colony until 1979- participated in the Games of the XXVI Olympiad in the American city of Atlanta in July and August 1996.

West Indies Federation

Did you know- At the 1959 Pan American Games in Chicago (Illinois, USA), Antilles pickep up a total of 14 medals (2 gold, 4 silver and 8 bronze) and took seventh place in unofficial team standings, outpacing Venezuela and Uruguay. Antilles -also known as the West Indies Federation- consisted of three former British colonies in the Caribbean: Barbados, Jamaica, and Trinidad Tobago. The following year, the West Indies Federation captured a bronze medal when it placed third in the men’s 4 x 400m relay in the Games of the XVII Olympiad in Rome (Italy).

Middle East – Sports & Athletes

Road to London 2012!

Afghanistan

Did you know- Toward the end of the 1940s, the men’s football team of Afghanistan came in 18th place in the Summer Olympic Games in London, United Kingdom. At the XIV Summer Games, Afghanistan –a country with serious domestic problems– lost 6-0 to Luxembourg. For the first time, soccer players from Afghanistan took part in an Olympic Tournament.

Iraq

Did you know- At the 1982 Asian Games in New Delhi (India), the men’s football final was won by Iraq, followed by Kuwait (runner-up). Meanwhile, the bronze medal was shared by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and Saudi Arabia.

Jordan

Did you know- At the 3rd West Asian Games in December 2005, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan took eighth place, ahead of Bahrain, Iraq, and Yemen, in team standings, with 25 medals (3 gold, 11 silver, and 11 bronze).

Kuwait

Did you know- Kuwait’s shooter Fehaid Al Deehani placed third in double trap in the Summer Olympics in Sydney in 2000, behind Richard Faulds (United Kingdom) and Russell Mark (Australia).

Lebanon

Did you know- An eight-member team from Lebanon participated in the Summer Olympics in London, United Kingdom, in 1948. The Arab nation competed in three sports: boxing (1), shooting (2), and wrestling (5). At that time, Lebanon’s Olympic Committee also sent a team of two athletes -skiers- to the Winter Olympics in Saint Moritz, Switzerland.

Qatar

Did you know- Weightlifter Said S. Asaad,a former Bulgarian national, won the bronze medal -the second Olympic medal in the history of Qatari sport– in the men’s 105-kilogram category at the 2000 Olympic Games in the Australian city of Sydney; the country’s first (and only) Olympic medal of the 2000 Games. Before Asaad became a Qatari citizen, he had competed for Bulgaria in many international events.

Syria

Did you know- Despite its anti-American policy, Syria sent a team of seven athletes to Los Angeles (California, US), home to the XXIII Olympic Games. This Arab nation competed in aquatics ( 1), boxing (1), shooting (1), weightlifting (1), and wrestling (3). At the 1984 Los Angeles Games, Syria won its first Olympic medal (a silver in heavyweight freestyle wrestling).

UAE

Did you know- The United Arab Emirates had a new idol to cheer in August 2004 when Sheikh Ahmed Bin Hasher Al Maktoum won the gold medal in the men’s double trap shooting event in the Olympic Games in Greece, equalling the Olympic record of 189 points, which was established by Australia’s shooter Russell Mark at the 26th Olympiad in the United States in the mid-1990s.

Yoga 101 – Yoga Exercises For Sports Athletes

One of the most typical misguided beliefs regarding yoga is always that it is just not suitable for players or for men and women who are big sports enthusiasts. In spite of this, the truth of the matter is that yoga can be very beneficial for them although it is not at all as demanding as the other movements that they may necessarily do. Here are some of the key benefits of yoga exercises for athletes.

It allows athletes to increase the sturdiness of their stomach muscles. The movements may very well be sluggish, but they are good for toning the mid-section. Furthermore there may also be a lot of isometric contractions which can help enhance the core.

Another benefit of yoga for athletes is that it enhances their flexibility. There are particular types of yoga activities that can help the entire body to become more bendable. It doesn’t only make it easy for sports athletes to perform a lot better at their sport activity, it also makes it possible for them to dodge preventable muscle pains that could develop into a far more severe, career-ending circumstance. Seeing that flexibility and range of flexibility go hand-in-hand, athletes may also be in a position to move a lot better by engaging in yoga exercises.

Yoga can also improve balance. All of the athletes should have a fantastic sense of balance so that they will be able to play at their finest. This mustn’t be taken lightly especially by sports athletes who are somewhat buffed. As quirky as it might seem, there are occasions where in if the total body physique has unequal muscles here and there, they may find it difficult to find their sense of balance.

Yoga for athletes can also enable them to greatly improve their breathing routine. It doesn’t matter much if they are into golf or pro wrestling, all athletes should be aware of the ideal yogic breathing. It prevents athletes from running out of breath and it enables them to put up with strenuous activities longer.